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Geography

Here, you have it all: mountains, hills and plains.

Romania Geography

If you searched Romania Geography here are the most important informations. Romania is located halfway between the Equator and the North Pole and it is 12th largest in Europe. Romania’s terrain is almost equally divided between mountains, hills and plains.

Romania Geography: The mountains

Although not as tall as the Alpes, the Carpathian Mountains stretch 600 kilometers in Romania, forming an arc. They are divided into three main categories: the Eastern Carpathians, the Southern Carpathians and the Western Carpathians.

The mountainous areas of Romania are a great destination for recreation and for various outdoor activities including: cycling, climbing, rafting, hiking etc. Some of the most popular ski resorts are Poiana Brasov, Sinaia, Predeal, Vatra Dornei, Lake Balea and Paltinis.

It’s Always Time For a New Adventure! Discover here most wanted attractions in Romania!

The Danube Delta

The Danube River has a length of 1864 kilometers, ending in southeastern Romania, where it branches into three arms: Chilia, Sulina and Sfantu Gheorghe. These three arms form the Danube Delta, a triangular marshland, floating reed islands and sandy banks.

Romania Geography: The Black Sea

If we talk about Romania Geography then we need to highlight also The Black Sea. The Black Sea is a continental sea, with a low tide and salinity and water temperatures of 77 – 79˚F in the summertime. Its wide, sandy beaches facing east and south-east become a major tourist attraction from May until September. Coast stretches a little over 150 miles.

The rivers

Most rivers in Romania spring from the Carpathian Mountains.  The most important rivers of Romania are: Mures (473 kilometers on Romania’s territory), Prut (461 kilometers on Romania’s territory), Olt (382 miles), Siret (347 miles on Romania’s territory), Ialomita (259 miles), Somes (233 miles on Romania’s territory) and Arges (217 miles). In the east, river waters are collected by Siret and Prut rivers. In the south, waters flow directly into the Danube and in the west most of them are collected by Tisa River.

Europe’s second longest river, the Danube, flows through southern Romania and delimits it from Serbia, Bulgaria and Ukraine. On the Romania’s territory, the Danube has 621 kilometers, from Bazias to the Black Sea.

The Danube is an important route for domestic shipping, as well as international trade and tourist cruises. The main port, both for trade and tourism, is Constanta, linked to the Danube by a canal build in 1984. Tulcea, Galati, Calarasi, Giurgiu and Drobeta are other important river ports.

Romania Geography: The lakes and lagoons

Romania has around 3500 lakes, most of them small or medium. The largest are the lagoons and lakes on the Black Sea coast, such as Razim and Sinoe.

The glacial lakes are small, but spectacular. In the Retezat Mountains we have Zanoaga lake, the deepest lake in the country and the largest, Bucura. The lakes located in Transylvania lakes are: Capra, Balea, Podragu amd Caltun.
Sfanta Ana lake is the only volcanic lake in the country, formed in a perfectly preserved crater.

The Red lake is located in Hasmas Massif, near Bicaz Gorges. It is a natural dam lake created in 1837 after a major land sliding.

Flora and fauna

Another great thing about Romania Geography: Thanks to varied geography, Romania has a diverse flora and fauna. You will find here more than 3,700 species of plants and over 33,000 species of animals. Also, in Romania’s forests you will find a wide variety of oak, beech, elm, ash, maple, linden and conifers.

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